Technical Talk / Guest Lecture
- Guest Lecture China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Implications for India-Pakistan Relations’ by Dr Christian Wagner 2018
Date: 06 July 2018 (Friday)
Time: 3-4 pm
Venue: Conference Room, Central Block, Christ (Deemed to be University)
Dr Christian Wagner from theGerman Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Berlin, visited CHRIST on 6 July 2018 and interacted with the faculty of the Department of International Studies and History. In his lecture, Dr Wagner highlighted various aspects of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and its implications for India-Pakistan relations. He projected two scenarios: one, CPEC providing economic might to Pakistan and in turn strengthening the military; two, it may also act as a moderating effect on Pakistan from venturing into any misadventurous war with India, especially on Kashmir.
After the lecture, Dr Wagner also spoke on the opportunities for collaboration between CHRIST and universities in Germany.
- Guest Lecture on Higher Education in the US and Comparisons to International Educational Systems by Prof. Dr. Peter Schneller
Guest Lecture by Prof. Dr. Peter Schneller
Venue: Seminar Hall, Block 2
Date: 29 June 2018
Time: 12 – 1 pm
Department of International Studies and History, Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, organised a Guest Lecture by Prof. Dr. Peter Schneller from University of Mount Union on “Higher Education in the US and Comparisons to International Educational Systems.” Dr. Madhumati Deshpande, Coordinator, Department of International Studies and History presided over the event.
During the lecture, Dr. Schneller covered various aspects of American Education in comparison to other countries. The presentation started by tracing the contributions of activists like Susan B Anthony in providing educational rights to women. He discussed how education system in the US is not funded at federal levels when education is a constitutional right for many countries like India. According to him, huge disparities in the Public School Systems or K-12 Schools are an oddity for the educational system in the country. The rankings of the US Colleges and Universities in the categories of National Universities, Liberal Arts Colleges and Ohio’s Universities were presented. For Prof. Schneller, many of them are Profit Colleges often called as “Diploma Mills”.
The speaker also introduced Internship and Scholarship opportunities in the US. The event ended with a question-answer session.
- Special Lecture on The US Grand Strategy and its Implications for Sino-American Relations’by Professor Harsh V Pant, King’s College, London 2018
The Department of International Studies and History hosted Dr Harsh V Pant, Professor of International Relations in the Defence Studies Department and the India Institute at King’s College London on 2 June 2018. A noted scholar of International Relations and a widely published author, Professor Pant proficiently offered his expertise to the students and turned the sessions into erudite discussions.
At an informal interaction with students of M.A. International Studies, Prof. Pant flagged emerging trends in International Relations. He also outlined career prospectsin IR and availability of various options in higher education abroad.
Later, Prof Pant addressed a larger audience on ‘The US Grand Strategy and its Implications for Sino-American Relations’. A broad and realistic outlook of the topic was presented by scanning the history of the bilateral relations and the multidimensional complexions of the geopolitics involved in the same. The US Grand Strategy during the Cold War involved opening up the Chinese markets and bringing China to the centre of global politics. The US feared that the combined force of two communist states – USSR and China – would result in their domination over the world order. This strategy was a spectacular success for both the US and China since it resulted in the disintegration of the Soviet Union in the 1990s ending the cold war and enormous economic growth for China. However, the economic growth of China and its subsequent rise in the global order made it another challenger to US dominance in the world order.
The Clinton administration decided that the solution would be to further integrate China into the liberal institutional architecture. Liberal institutionalism had won over realism. The realist school of thought believed that the integration would not matter and China’s economic growth and its resulting military might would pose a challenge to the US. Realism proved to be right in the end and as a consequence, the Bush administration decided to take a more realistic approach in dealing with China. However, the bombing of the Twin towers on September 11th, 2001 resulted in its focus shifting to tackling terrorism. The second term of Bush saw the US engaging regional powers in Asia to counterbalance China. When President Barack Obama came to power in 2008, the US had envisioned a set up where China would manage the Asia Pacific and the US would manage rest of the world. This was partly due to the decline in the power of the US, the financial crisis and the steady rise in China’s power. However, the aggressiveness of China with the ASEAN states made the Obama administration adopt its ‘Pivot to Asia’ policy. Professor suggested that the US strategists under the Trump administration need to rethink US’ earlier choice of integrating China into the world order in the 1970s taking into consideration that even the regional powers in Asia are heavily dependent on China due to their economic relations.
From plausible efforts to counter China to how India and the United States must approach the Chinese Dream, the Professor was then met with questions that covered an impressively broad spectrum.
- Lecture on ‘Racial Segregation and Poverty in the United States’ by Dr. John Dean, University of Versailles, France 2017
The Department of International Studies and History organized two-hours lecture on ‘Racial Segregation and Poverty in the United States’ for the students of final-year BA HEP on 08 and 16 November 2017 at Council Room, Central Block from 11 am to 12 pm. Dr. John Dean, an accomplished American Studies specialist and the member of the Executive Committee of US American Studies Association, University of Versailles, France was the speaker for both the days. Rev (Fr) Jose CC, Director of Student Affair was present during the lecture. On the first day, Dr. Dean shed light on the essence of reform in American society, and also spoke about various policies of Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman on racial segregation. Civil Rights Movement, involvement of Martin Luther King Jr and Rosa Parks, and the role of popular culture, were the major areas of focus during the second day of Dr. Dean’s lecture. It was an enriching experience for the students and they were able to explore various aspects of American society.
- Guest Lecture on Japan and USA Relations by Professor Dr.Pete Schneller
World history has always been shaped by great powers and by nations that wield considerable power and influence in the International world. Since the collapse of the USSR in 1991, the United States arguably emerged as the only world great power. In recent times Japan and China have also emerged as great powers in Asia after their meteoric rise post World War II, ending USA’s status as the sole great power of the world. The relationships and interactions between great powers are therefore extremely important in today’s globalized world where decisions taken by powerful nations such as China, Japan or USA can have dire consequences for the world as a whole.
It is under these circumstances that Dr Pete Scheneller, Professor of Education Studies from University of Mount Union College, Ohio, USA lectured to 2nd year BA (HEP) students on the subject of Japanese-American relations on June 29, 2017. Japan’s close relations with America after World War II were looked at from different perspectives, from the cultural similarities between the two countries to their extensive trade connections. This was then followed by a brief overview of the different thought processes of people from the Western and the Eastern hemispheres of the globe. Finally, Dr Pete concluded his lecture by showing us numerous photos of Japan’s famous once war-torn city Hiroshima as well pictures of Japan’s more developed cities.
Dr Pete’s lecture was insightful and engaging as it elaborated on important aspects of Japanese-American relations that are often ignored by the mainstream media. This included an analysis as to how ‘Easterners’ view the world compared with how ‘Westerners’ view the world, and consequently how they make decisions. Dr Pete ended the lecture by expressing his desire for peace and harmony in the world, a goal that we must all strive to realize.
- Guest Lecture on Northeast Asia’s Economic Development
The Department of International Studies and History held a guest lecture on the Northeast India’s economic development at the Sky view, Central Block on March 11 and 13. The guest of honour was Dr. Paul Hong, a full bright scholar. The function was presided over by Dr. Fr. Jose CC, Director of International Studies and History and Dr. Venugopal Menon, HoD, Department of International Studies and History. Post the invocation song, the lecture started with a brief introduction to India and its neighbours, which covered aspects such as the neighbours of Northeast Asia and the relation that it enjoys with its neighbours. The first lecture emphasized on the rapid industrialization and economic progress of the Northeast Asia. This was regarded as a model for development of other countries, the challenges to the development of the region was also discussed. The first part of the two day lecture focused from the view of India of how the model can be implemented was for catalyzing the development of India.
The second and the last part of lecture focused on the impact of recent presidential elections in America and how it could have an impact on Northeast Asia in terms of -- external orientation based on enormous resources capabilities vs. inward looking in view of growing competing and conflicting interests. The lecture also focused on the five components of American Democracy and a comparison was drawn on between America and Northeast Asia and the common challenges posed to both America and Northeast Asia in terms of International Terrorism. This was later followed a question and answer session which was moderated by Dr. Madhumati Deshpande which was followed by a vote of thanks by Saagar Kote from 2 MAIS. This an enriching and fruitful two day lecture finally came to a close.
- Report on Synergia Foundation 2017
Dr Dieter Grimm, author of 'Sovereignty: The Past, Present and Future of a Political Concept', and 'Constitutionalism: Past, Present, and Future' and with affiliations to Harvard and Yale Universities gave a talk on 'Liberty and Security in the Times of International Terrorism' atSynergia Foundation, Bangalore on 13 January 2017. Several dignitaries and experts attended.
Dr. Grimm's address rooted in the historio-legal framework of understanding liberty and security. He flagged off the talk with the crux of his argument for making liberty more secure. This refuted the basic binary understanding of liberty and security as a zero sum game, wherein to attain security, the liberty must be sacrificed. If security maximization is the goal, it can bestow the state machinery with unrestrained power breaching the fundamental rights of the people. On the other hand, unconditional liberty is an invitation for exploitation by the non-state actors. The post-9/11 world has made the retroactive measures of attaining national security obsolete. It now requires a proactive prevention, placing information as quintessential to security. Although in democracies, the safeguards on liberty flow from the constitution, it has been observed that in the wake of rising threat of terrorism the threshold for state intervention into individual liberty has consistently been lowered.
This binary opposition can be resolved by establishing a hierarchy to determine which security needs are more important than the others. This led on to the proportionality principle followed by the courts of certain countries like Germany and Israel. This principle is the premise upon which liberty and security are weighed and balanced before deciding the primacy of one over the other. Therefore, the purpose for which the liberty of an individual or a group is being sacrificed needs to be legitimate. The means applied to reach the ends must also be proportional. Ultimately, there needs to be made a distinction between limiting a right, and violating a right in the name of national security. Dr. Grimm spoke from his German experience where the right to dignity of an individual is placed at a higher pedestal than the fundamental rights. Therefore, before any legal judgment is made, it is mandatory to consider that in whose interest the fundamental right is being violated.
The interactive discussion that succeeded that talk touched on various ideas to resolve the deadlock between liberty and security in the times of international terrorism. The Indian case of AFSPA in Kashmir and India’s Northeast andthe US role in Guantanamo Bay came up for discussion. Maj. Gen.(Redt.) Moni Chandiin his concluding remarks observed that the government should use security as a resource, to strike at the source of the conflict, in order to prevent the rise of non-state actors. This preemption of conflict can prevent the draconian laws that are imposed upon the civilians during the conflict.
- Global Class with Durham College, Canada
1. Global Class with Durham College, Canada
Students of 1st year MAIS along with Dr. Madhumati Deshpande participated in a Global class, a live 90-minute class between four countries, with three different groups, a host, and a guest held online through a video conferencing facility. The class was hosted by Prof. Lon Appleby of Durham College, Canada and the other participants were from St. Petersberg Lyceum, Russia and our students of our department.
Prof. Elizavete Friesem from Central Connecticut University, United States was the guest speaker and the topic of discussion was “The Importance of Media Literacy in the Global World”.
The lecture began with a discussion on What is media and what does it do and went on to explore various ways in which media uses techniques to disseminate information or manipulate the public mind. Our students logged in from two different locations and several others watched the live stream and participated in discussion. Some students even sent questions and comments on twitter that were read out for the discussion.
The class on the whole was a wonderful opportunity for our students to interact with students and teachers from different countries and being exposed to their views and perceptions.
2. Global Class for Educators
Department of International Studies and History organised a Global Class for educators on Wednesday January 18th from 7.30pm to 9.15pm in CHRIST (Deemed to be University) in collaboration with Durham College, Canada. The Global Class for Educators event focused on how we as educators can enhance our teaching using the Global Class concept while exploring the theme "Creating Interactive Classes – Possibilities and Challenges" with international academics. A total of 28 faculty members joined the session along with academics/ post grad students pursuing teaching qualifications from Canada and academics from Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown (ITB) Dublin. The event was led by Dr. Bill Hunter, Founding Dean, Department of Education, University of Ontario, Institute of Technology.
The session began with institutional introductions from Prof. Paul Dervan and Prof. Lon Appleby and Dr. Deshpande. Dr. Bill Hunter then proceeded to his lecture on the changes that have happened in the way education and teaching has evolved in the last 100 years and what students are looking for in the class rooms. The teams then paused to discuss about the interactive practices in their own classes and share the same with the other groups. Canadian students shared what they would like to see more in their classes. The discussion was very lively and interesting with both sides giving their inputs on teaching and learning.
The class ended with Dr. Hunter emphasising on how to make sure we know what we teach and learn from students, constructivism and connectivism, and how to be prepared to address the technological changes that challenge the teaching and learning process.
You can watch the whole video of the class at the following link:
- Talk on International Environment Law
The Department of International Studies and History organised a talk on International Environment Law at the Council Room on 9th November 2016 for first and second year MAIS students. The chief guest for the day was Himanshu Upadhyay from the Azim Premji University. The welcome address was delivered by Dr. Manoharan post which the talk on the International Environment Law commenced. During the talk, various aspects of Environment Law were discussed such as Multilateral and Bilateral agreements. He also touched upon Multilateral Environmental Agreements and about the significance oceans since the historical times.
The scope of the subject of International Environmental Law were also discussed followed by different treaties and protocols that were implemented for the safeguarding of environment. The speaker drew a link between the smog that has engulfed the city of Delhi and how Environmental Law can help in avoiding such situations. He also spoke about the processes involved in the implementation of Multilateral Environment Agreement.
He also touched on the illegal hunting and poaching of animals. The talk also traced the history of establishment of National Green Tribunal and spoke about the need to have an action plan. This was followed by an interaction session after which a vote of thanks was delivered by Riya from Second Year MAIS, bringing the engaging session to a close.
- VISIT OF CHINESE SCHOLAR, DR CHEN JINYING
Visit of Chinese Scholar, Dr Chen Jinying
Dr Chen Jinying from the Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, China, visited the Department of International Studies and History, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), on 20 September 2016. In the forenoon, she gave a talk on ‘State-Society Relations in China’ to both MAIS classes separately. In the afternoon, Dr Jinying delivered a lecture on the ‘Current State of India - China Relations and the Way Forward’ at Room 105, Central Block. The audience comprised the staff and students of MAIS.
State-Society Relations in China:
To better under the state-society relations during Maoist period was characterized by the state penetration of society down to the village and factory level and effectively engaged in individual’s daily lives. In the countryside there was commune system and in the city, there was work unit system.
Since 1978, China began to implement reform and opening up policy which cultivated a relatively autonomous society. There was household responsibility system in rural area; privatization of state-owned enterprises; encouragement of foreign investment; and dismantling of work unit system. Chinese government seeks alternative ways to address social concerns, thereby creating space for the emergence of social organizations or NGOs.
State-led industrialization and a well-organized strong party and its capacity to penetrate the society make Chinese civil society being vigorous while subject to the state. The party-state is still resilient and has potential to adjust social challenge with economic performance. With China’s economic slowdown, there will be more tension between non-privileged groups’ demanding and government’s desire of maintaining political stability. Where the relation between state and society goes depends on how the party reform itself and the economy.
Dr. Jinying traced the Sino-Indian bilateral relations by flagging the major breakthroughs made since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012. The highlights of which, are the increasing volume of trade, the strengthening of cooperation in the railways sector, and opening up of the Chinese market for Indian products. She positively emphasized on the cultural breakthroughs, in the form of the opening on a Yoga school in China, and the consequent scholarships provided to Indian students to study in China.
Treading on the controversial aspects regarding the Sino-Indian relations, she comprehensively mapped out the old and new obstacles to the relationship. These were stated as the long standing border conflict, and the role played by the third actors like the United States of America, Pakistan, and Japan. By bringing in the third actor, she lucidly elucidated the complex dynamics of the Sino-Indian ties. The struggle is perpetuated by the narrative of national security adopted by both the countries, which only deepens the trust deficit. She also explained how the varied perceptions of the authorities and the people of China and India have prohibited both the countries from reaching a common point of agreement on the issues.
She concluded her talk by predicting the future trends of the Sino-Indian relations, as seen empirically. She sees an improvement in the bilateral relations if the focus is on building the economic ties through greater trade and investment. The ties will also significantly improve if the people-to-people contacts could be enhanced. This will aid to remove the misconceptions the people have about the citizens of the other country.
The insightful talk was followed by an interactive session which saw an active participation of both the students and the teachers. Questions pertaining to the South China Sea, India's NSG membership, the Xinjiang crisis, economic relations, Pakistan factor and one-belt-one-road were discussed. Finally, it was concluded that the only way forward is through reorienting the relationship, by which the people, and the youth determine the future of the Sino-Indian relationship.
- GUEST LECTURE 2016
Dr. Craig L. Dicker, Minister Counselor, Public Affairs, U.S. Embassy, New Delhi is visited the CHRIST (Deemed to be University) on August 2, 2016. A senior most American officer in the U.S. Embassy for the whole of India. Prior to arriving in India was as the Counselor for Public Affairs at the U.S. Consulate in Istanbul. Since joining the Foreign Service in 1992, Craig served in public affairs sections at U.S. embassies in South Africa, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Hungary and Turkey. He also served in Washington in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. Craig earned his B.A. (History), M.A. (History) and Ph.D. (Applied Linguistics) from Columbia University in New York. Prior to joining the foreign service, he taught in secondary schools in New York and Portugal and at universities in New York and Pristina, Kosovo (as a Fulbright scholar) . Craig speaks Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian and Serbo-Croatian Dr. Dicker lead a lecture discussion with students and faculty on the “U.S. Electoral Processes” with a special reference to the Presidential Elections in the United States in November 2016. Dr. Craig was welcomed by the Venugopal B. Menon faculty Department International studies and History.
His talk focused on Political Party Conventions & Campaign in the America. He also explained the complicated nature of indirect elections in the United States.
Finance Reform (or lack thereof).The focus was on the funding of Presidential elections.
PACs and Super-PACs. The role of Political action Committee.
Uses of the internet-the methods of campaign.
Electoral College and Election of the President.
Checks and Balances/Balance of Power: Limits to what a President can and can’t do.
Contending with the Bureaucracy: A challenge faced by American Presidents
The talk was followed by a lengthy Interaction with the students and teachers and the session concluded with a memento presentation to Dr. Craig by Father Benny, Director School of law and vote of thanks by Ms. Riya Bava of second year MA IS student.
INDIA AND GANDHI : AN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVE
Dr. Mike Stefancic, Assistant director for student support, Service-learning programme, Boise state university, USA has given a lecture on Gandhi and India; American Perspective on 2 August 2016. He spoke extensively on Gandhi and his ideas how his principles influence American society. He viewed that in India people know more about Gandhi, and I often hear is he is astonishingly good at helping to win Indian independence. Mr Mike also spoke about Gandhian principals like Satyagraha and non-violence how those two principles influenced the mind set of Americans.